This interactive presentation contains the latest gas (and a little oil) production data from all 10,076 horizontal wells in Pennsylvania and Ohio that started production since 2010, through December. This update includes the production numbers for Q4 2017 that were recently released by Ohio. For completeness I also include Pennsylvania and West Virginia, although the latter state is deselected in most views as it only has published data through 2016.
As shown in the above graph, gas production from unconventional horizontal wells in the Appalachian basin (excluding West Virginia) experienced a strong boost in the final 2 months of 2017, climbing over 2 Bcf/d (>10%).
Also in this basin initial well productivity is up significantly, as you can see in the ‘Well quality’ overview. The average new well in these 2 states reaches a rate now of more than 10 MMcf/d in its peak month.
The number of drilled, but uncompleted wells (DUCs) has remained rather steady over the past year (see the ‘Well status’ overview).
Chesapeake and Cabot are the 2 leading gas producers in this area, as the final tab shows (‘top operators’), with the latter one having almost all its holdings in just a single county (Susquehanna). If you include West Virginia in this overview you’ll note that EQT and Antero Resources are very large gas operators (>= 2 Bcf/d) here as well.
The ‘Advanced Insights’ presentation is displayed below:
This “Ultimate Return” overview shows the relationship between gas production rates, and cumulative gas production, averaged for all horizontal wells that started production in a certain year.
I have selected only Ohio here. If you follow the light green curve, you can find that in the first 13 months of production, the average 2016 well produced more natural gas (~3 Bcf) than earlier wells did in more than double this time span. But as the orange curve shows, the wells that started producing in 2015 are declining somewhat faster than the wells from the previous year, after one year of production, so it will be interesting to see how the newer wells will behave after their first year.
By changing the ‘Show wells by’ selection to quarter or month of first flow, more recent and granular data is shown. It also reveals that newer wells produce several months longer at a high rate, before their decline sets in. This change in production profile can also be seen in several other basins.
In the 2nd tab (“Cumulative production ranking”) the cumulative production for all these wells is shown. The top well, which started 5 years earlier, has produced over 20 Bcf now, and was in December still producing at a rate of 4.7 MMcf/d.
In the coming 1.5 week I will have a new post on a projection of the output from all covered US shale wells into the future. After that, I will have an update on the Permian with data through the end of last year.
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Production data is subject to revisions. For this presentation, I used data gathered from the following sources:
- Ohio Department of Natural Resources
- Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
- West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
- West Virginia Geological & Economical Survey
The above presentations have many interactive features:
- You can click through the blocks on the top to see the slides.
- Each slide has filters that can be set, e.g. to select individual or groups of operators. You can first click “all” to deselect all items. You have to click the “apply” button at the bottom to enforce the changes. After that, click anywhere on the presentation.
- Tooltips are shown by just hovering the mouse over parts of the presentation.
- You can move the map around, and zoom in/out.
- By clicking on the legend you can highlight selected items.
- Note that filters have to be set for each tab separately.
- The operator who currently owns the well is designated by “operator (current)”. The operator who operated a well in a past month is designated by “operator (actual)”. This distinction is useful when the ownership of a well changed over time.
- If you have any questions on how to use the interactivity, or how to analyze specific questions, please don’t hesitate to ask.